Psychodrama is an "exploration of truth through dramatic method."
J.L. Moreno, the founder of Psychodrama.
A psychodrama consists of 3 main parts: warm up, action and sharing. A psychodrama is protagonist led and director facilitated. With creativity and spontaneity using the natural existing connections, a warm up enables a target problem to emerge. That problem is then explored, brought to regulated catharsis and worked through using role reversal and other behavioral action techniques. Work in action can be done with metaphors, people, objects, parts and/or states of being such as feelings or thoughts. If working individually, empty chairs, scarves and/or other objects can hold roles. Sharing following action allows for integration and closure. Sharing is not analysis, feedback or guidance that delivers insight from a position of expertise outside the protagonist's experience. Sharing is a way of offering and receiving reflection story to story ~ body to body ~ Self to Self. Sharing is an I-Thou experience that is a mutual reflection, or mirroring, delivering profound healing. It is a sacred experience and is the essential part of safe closure. An essential distinction making psychodrama unique from other more traditional psychotherapies such as dynamic or analysis is that insight does not come through interpretation or expert advice but rather through action and sharing from the expressive, embodied process.
At the 2012 annual Boston Trauma Conference, Bessel A. van der Kolk, MD, Medical Director, The Trauma Center, Professor of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, spoke on what is required for the "traumatized brain to get on with life." He stated, to achieve "affective regulation... the essential piece is action, effective action... building new possibilities... new options for people... a way that stimulates imagination will get your patients better... Body based therapies are the critical frontier for trauma treatment... the only way to change yourself is by becoming deeply aware of yourself... feel the story being told by your body."
Psychodrama deeply engages the mind-body-spirit not only allowing one to feel the story but to be the story through showing and telling the story safely with supportive witnessing. Psychodrama is a way to "practice living without being punished for making mistakes," Marcia Karp, Co-Director of the Holwell International Centre for Psychodrama and Sociodrama in Devon, Britain.